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This is a journal entry Welcome to Ethics. Part of the problem with learning ethics is being able to intellectually (but not really) step back from yourself and your own moral code to understand and portray another’s. This can be difficult. I will be presenting ethical theories and difficult situations for you to consider. I am trying to teach you, not convert you. In this journal, you need to step back from yourself and put yourself in the position of an ethical relativist. This is not about you and your beliefs. ———————————————————– In 1996 the Congress enacted the Female Genital Mutilation Act of 1996, which banned female genital mutilation (FGM) on anyone under the age of 18. In 2018, this law was struck down as unconstitutional: the government does not have the authority to regulate local actions. State laws banning FGM have been upheld by the federal courts. In December 2020, Congress passed a new law, STOP FGM Act of 2020, that makes it a felony to carry out or to conspire to carry out FGM. The federal courts have not yet ruled on this new law. As of February 2021, 39 states have banned FGM. No states ban circumcision of male babies. Bills to ban non-therapeutic circumcision have been submitted in multiple state legislatures, but none have made it out of committee. The CDC reports that the rate of infant circumcision in the U.S. has decreased; however, the WHO found the rate of circumcision higher in the U.S. than in any Western European nation, mostly topped only by Muslim nations and Israel (Islam and Judaism both require circumcision as a religious ritual). REGARDLESS OF HOW YOU FEEL ABOUT THE TWO PRACTICES . . . explain how a relativist in the U.S. can reconcile these two positions, that you may not mutilate a girl’s genitals, but you may mutilate a boy’s